In 1929, the APA format was created as a way to really make the communication of scientific ideas more comprehensive and consistent. Since that time, the APA (American Psychological Association) style has grown to become a common method of citing sources in psychology, education, as well as the social sciences.
APA Format Basics
- Definition of APA Format
- Title Page Guidelines
- The Abstract
- Alterations in the 6th Edition
When presenting scholarly written materials, social and behavioral scientists use the APA format. This writing style provides the necessary guidelines to its writers to present scientific research in a definite, concise manner. As a result, complex ideas that are scientific be understood by its audience.
APA Format Guidelines
- Double-space the written text of one’s paper.
- 1 inch margins
- Font size must certanly be 12 pt.
- Font style should be Times New Roman.
- Essay ought to include: Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.
- Title page will include: Title for the paper, authors name, & institutional affiliation.
- Through the page header
- Center the title into the half that is upper of page.
- Title should be no more than 12 words in length
- Titles try not to contain abbreviations.
- All text regarding the title page should be double-spaced.
- Author’s name: first name, middle initial(s), and last name.
- Institutional affiliation below the name that is author’s.
APA Format exemplory case of aTitle Page.
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The abstract is a brief summary regarding the main points and intent behind the paper. It really is typically 150-250 words in length and includes the abbreviations and acronyms that are used throughout the paper. The abstract must be titled “Abstract.” Unlike all the other paragraphs in an APA format paper, the abstract just isn’t indented.
APA Format example of an Abstract page.
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- The reference list is on a separate page with a center title “References.”
- Usually do not underline or italicize “References.”
- Reference entries should be in alphabetical order.
- All references included in the paper needs to be contained in the reference list.
- The 2nd and subsequent lines of each works cited entry must certanly be indented one-half inch through the margin that is left.
APA Format example of an References page.
The APA format was originally employed by psychologists. In more recent past, students and writers have adopted the APA format in order to present their research. The rise in APA writers required the American Psychological Association to generate an APA style manual written for a wider audience. As a result, the APA released the 6th edition in June 2009. The APA format changes found in this edition are as follows:
- Title on title page situated on top 50 % of page instead of center of page.
- Abstract should be within 120-250 words.
- Abstract title should not be bold.
- Reference title must not be bold.
- Section headings within paper should really be bold.
- Bullets may be used.
- Font style needs to be Times New Roman.
- Font size must be 12 pt.
- Keep publishers name in brief form (Do not include Publishers, Co., or Inc.)
- No date required in reference list for electronic source.
- Provide the location of publication for every published reference.
In October 2009, a second printing of the APA style manual was released. This printing contains numerous corrections for errors which were based in the first printing for the 6th edition. For this reason, you should make sure that the 2nd printing regarding the 6th edition is referred to when following the APA guidelines.